This program made people better at identifying disinformation. (They still weren’t great at knowing what to trust.)

The success of media literacy programs is often described in terms of number of people reached, rather than by how (or if) they actually change people’s behavior in the long run. It’s not even clear what metrics to judge them on. But a new report from a media literacy course run in Ukraine suggests that the program actually was able to change participants’ behavior — even 18 months after they’d completed the course. The program was called Learn to Discern (L2D); it was run by global development and education nonprofit IREX with funding from the Canadian government and support from local organizations Academy of Ukrainian Press and StopFake (which Nieman Lab covered four years ago). First, the raw numbers: IREX says that its L2D seminars “reached more than 15,000 people of all ages and professional backgrounds” through a “train the trainers” model, in which 361 community leaders were trained
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Irex, a Kindle-Killer That Wasn’t, Reaches the End of Its Story

Confused by the ever-increasing number of Kindle competitors? You may be able to scratch one off the list: E-reader maker Irex has reportedly filed for bankruptcy.

The Dutch company had been producing readers aimed at European business users before entering the U.S. market this spring via distribution deals at Barnes & Noble (BKS) and Best Buy (BBY). But you’d be very hard-pressed to find anyone who bought the $400 DR800SG (read Walt Mossberg’s review of the device).

There is still a flood of e-readers on the way, though: Borders (BGP), for instance, promises to sell at least 10 different brands by the end of the year. But none of them will be produced by Amazon (AMZN) or Apple (AAPL), and it’s going to be hard to persuade customers to buy anything that doesn’t come from one of those two companies.

Amazon Gives the Kindle a Price Cut, Takes it Overseas

Had to see this one coming: Amazon is chopping the price on its plain vanilla Kindle ebook reader, and is introducing a new version that will allow users to download books when they’re outside the U.S.

Amazon’s (AMZN) basic Kindle will now sell for $259, down from $299 — and down from $359 earlier in the year. And the new version, which will allow users to download books in 100 countries besides the U.S., will sell for $279. That version will be powered a wireless connection provided by AT&T (T); the U.S.-only Kindle will continue to use Sprint (S) for a wireless connection.

It’s hard to see how Sony (SNE), whose comparable e-reader only offers a U.S. wireless connection (also from AT&T), and is scheduled to go on sale in December at $399, will be able to stay at that price point. And dark horse Kindle competitors like iRex and Plastic Logic are going to have match Amazon or beat it just to get into the race.