: What follows is a version of a talk
given at the Online News Association’s annual meeting Friday by Heather Chaplin
, director of the Journalism + Design
program at The New School in New York, entitled “Crisis 2.0: Enemies of the People.” We’re happy to share it with you.
We’re here in Austin this week to talk about how journalism works online. We’re all doing this work because the internet — among other things — came along and uprooted the way journalism had been done for the last 100 years — which sent us spinning off into crisis.
Multi-million-dollar tax bills “pulled out of thin air.”
The pruning of an independent newspaper
after being sold to party-friendly investors. A final headline declaring “Descent into Outright Dictatorship.”
With the closure of the Cambodia Daily
in September and the sale of the English-language Phnom Penh Post
in May, the country’s press freedom is more than at risk — it’s nearly extinct. Reporters Without Borders ranked Cambodia at 142 out of 180 countries
in the World Press Freedom Index in 2018 (10 places lower than it was in 2017), saying it “seems dangerously inclined to take on the same path as China.”
Now, Cambodia’s media industry is also facing further censorship by the government for fake news posted on websites and social media (with jail time and a USD $1,000 fine as punishment) and a registry maintained by the Cambodia information ministry, the Guardian’s Kate Lamb reported
She Continue reading "With a registry for news sites and fines for “fake news,” Cambodia’s press freedom slides further"
In his new book
Networked Press Freedom: Creating Infrastructures for a Public Right to Hear, Mike Ananny
, a professor at University of Southern California’s Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism, critically examines what press freedom means today. An excerpt is below.
What, exactly, is press freedom, and why does it matter? In the popular discourse of the United States, we do not ask this question very often or very deeply. The answers are obvious and almost cliché: the public has a right to know, journalists are the people’s watchdogs, they afflict the comfortable and comfort the afflicted, democracy dies in darkness, and voters need objective information to be good citizens. Popular histories of modern U.S. journalism celebrate heroes who spoke truth to power and brought down institutions — Ida B. Wells, Nellie Bly, Ida Tarbell, Edward R. Murrow, I. F. Stone, Bob Woodward, Carl Bernstein, Walter Cronkite. Continue reading "Freedom from what?: It’s time to broaden the definition of a “free press”"
Mere days after his meeting with Kim Jong Un, President Trump
has once again decided that the real enemy is the media.
It’s not the first time he’s said this, but coming on the heels of the North Korea summit it stunned a lot of people:
On Friday, ex-Senate Intel Committee aide
appeared before a judge on charges of lying to the FBI about his contacts with reporters.
His case, as the New York Times noted
, “led to the first known instance of the Justice Department going after a reporter’s data under President Trump.”
Yet, as CNN’s Jake Tapper
noted on The Lead
, attacks on press freedom did not begin with the Trump administration.
Instead, according to Tapper, under the Obama administration, the media “called it out all the time.”
“The Obama Administration also repeatedly attacked press freedoms and we called it out at the time,” Tapper said. “It was heinous then and it is just as contemptible now.”
Then referring the to Wolfe case specifically, Tapper continued on: “Questions we have about this incident include the following: if the Senate intelligence committee staffer was charged with lying and not Continue reading "CNN’s Jake Tapper Asks: Is Trump Escalating Obama’s ‘War on Leaks’?"
Speaking on CNN’s
Sunday morning, Chief International Correspondent Christiane Amanpour
warned that President Donald Trump
‘s attacks on the press have negative implications for the media around the world.
Her comments came during a conversation with Brian Stelter
where the CNN Reliable Sources host talked about Trump not giving a broadcast television interview for over a year. He then asked Amanpour how Trump’s last week’s news has played out in the international press.
Amanpour replied by commenting on Trump’s lack of broadcast television interviews as well as his tweeted out threat to pull press credentials.
The latter, she warned, would only empower anti-press despots and dictators across the globe.
“I mean, look, we have, for instance, in London, this weekend, the president of Turkey, a U.S. Ally. Recep Tayyip Erdogan
is coming here. This is one of the key abusers of the press in his own country. I mean, Continue reading "CNN’s Christiane Amanpour Warns Trump’s Threats Empower Dictators to ‘Beat up Against the Press’"
The Committee to Protect Journalists has responded to President Trump
‘s trolling of the media with upcoming “fake news” awards by announcing some awards of their own.
The CPJ unveiled “Press Oppressors” awards today that doesn’t just criticize Trump, but multiple world leaders for their role in hurting press freedom worldwide.
President Trump was “honored” with the award for Overall Achievement in Undermining Global Press Freedom:
The United States, with its First Amendment protection for a free press, has long stood as a beacon for independent media around the world. While previous U.S. presidents have each criticized the press to some degree, they have also made public commitments to uphold its essential role in democracy, at home and abroad. Trump, by contrast, has consistently undermined domestic news outlets and declined to publicly raise freedom of the press with repressive leaders such as Xi, Erdoğan, and Sisi. Authorities in China, Continue reading "Committee to Protect Journalists ‘Awards’ Trump for ‘Undermining Global Press Freedom’"